Global trends have shown that taking quick and decisive action is the best way of containing the viral spread, whether by imposing city-wide lockdowns or using aggressive contact-tracing. Contrasts have been made between stricter countries like China and the United States, where individual states have acted inconsistently.
Where do Nigerian states sit on the scale of responses?
To answer this we have created a State Response Index. The Index is a dynamic measure of each state's aggressiveness in combatting the virus and implementing palliative economic measures. The rankings measure how aggressively each state government has responded to the pandemic, and is not intended as a measure of a state's performance. The full methodology behind the Index is outlined at the bottom of the page.
To access the dataset used in the index, please click here to download. You can also adjust the index weights as you deem fit. Share your results with us on twitter by tagging us @StearsBusiness.
1. Limited welfare
Less than half of state governments have begun any kind of relief to SMEs or cash and food handouts to the vulnerable. Each state has a score out of 10 (on the far left column) based on how many measures it has adopted.
Live Data: Coronavirus policy response by state
2. Affected states are responding
Thankfully, not only have the states with most of the cases embraced more stringent measures to curtail the spread of the virus but also states with fewer or no cases have implemented border closures which can hopefully help avoid the economic harm of a lockdown. Each state is shaded according to its level of responsiveness.
Live Data: Map of intensity of policy response to Coronavirus
We have also launched a COVID-19 column for in-depth analysis of the crisis, as well as a live monitoring page to track the virus. For any data visualisation requests, email our data journalist at [email protected]
Did we miss something? If you would like to share an update with us please email [email protected] with a news report from a reputable source confirming the development. Data is available on request.
Last update: May 31, 2020
The index is created by looking at the ten (10) criteria listed below. Each criteria is given an equal weighting and a state is assigned a binary score: 1 when the measure has been taken and 0 when it has not been taken. In developing the State Response Index, Stears Business intends to provide a starting point for the discussion around a national strategy for combatting COVID-19. A thorough examination of state responses would need to factor in how widely the virus has spread in the state, the broader strategy employed by each state, and the medical and economic resources available to each state government.
The criteria were developed with reference to the World Health Organisation Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plan, as well as comparative studies of how other countries have tried to flatten the curve. We have taken what we’ve learned about the response options so far to put Nigeria’s response in context.
The index is a dynamic measure of each state's aggressiveness in combatting the virus. It is updated with additional developments from verified sources.
10 Equally Weighted Criteria for State Response (Requirements for point)
The visuals above show the state of the coronavirus response for each of the 36 states and the FCT: Abia, Abuja, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, and Zamfara. The criteria are explained below:
- Movement restriction: The state must have announced restricted movement, recommended social distancing, and limited public gatherings.
- Closed borders - The state must have announced a closure of its land borders at the time of the last update.
- Lockdown - The state or Federal Government must have announced a lockdown that is still effective at the time of the last update of this report.
- Emergency law - The state must have enacted a law related to its ability to control the coronavirus at the time of the last update.
- Security - The state government must have deployed security personnel to enforce rules related to covid19.
- Test centres - The state must have had a laboratory announced by the NCDC operational at the time of the last update.
- Isolation centres - The Isolation centres with at least 300 beds must already be in place. An announcement of the intention to set up an isolation centre does not meet the criteria.
- Added ventilators - The state must have made an announcement committing to additional ventilators or received ventilators either through donations or state purchases.
- SME Grant - The state must have announced plans for relief to small businesses within the State as at the time of this.
- Handouts - The state must have begun cash or food handouts to vulnerable state residents.
THE INDEX IS DERIVED FROM SOURCES THAT ARE CONSIDERED RELIABLE, BUT STEARS NEWS LIMITED DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE VERACITY, CURRENCY, COMPLETENESS OR ACCURACY OF THE INDEX OR OTHER INFORMATION FURNISHED IN CONNECTION WITH THE INDEX. NO REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY OR CONDITION, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, AS TO CONDITION, SATISFACTORY QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE ARE GIVEN OR DUTY OR LIABILITY ASSUMED BY STEARS NEWS LIMITED IN RESPECT OF THE INDEX OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN, OMISSIONS THEREFROM OR THE USE OF THE INDEX IN CONNECTION WITH ANY ANALYSIS, AND ALL THOSE REPRESENTATIONS, WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS ARE EXCLUDED SAVE TO THE EXTENT THAT SUCH EXCLUSION IS PROHIBITED BY LAW.