First Word on SB

First Word on SB

Telling stories that matter to Nigerians

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FW: Nigeria has a Cholera Problem

Aisha-Nana Salaudeen

Aisha-Nana Salaudeen

Aisha is trying to figure out how to tell as many impact stories as possible in different forms.

This article is part of our #FirstWord series to provide context on trending news.

Since the start of 2018, there have been reports of Cholera outbreaks in at least 9 states across the country. Including Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, which are conflict-affected areas in the Northeast.

The most recent outbreak was registered in Plateau State. 15 cases were recorded in Angwan - Rogo and at Abba na Shehu, 100 people have been hospitalised.

 

What's with Cholera?

 

Cholera is a disease that causes acute Diarrhoea in children and adults, it can lead to death if left untreated within hours. Caused by the bacteria, Vibrio Cholera, it is usually found in the stool of an infected person and spreads to other people when they consume contaminated water or food.

The transmission is more common in areas prone to overcrowding, poor hygiene and lack of clean food/water. As a result, it is most common in rural and low-income communities.

According to the NCDC (Nigeria Centre for Disease Control), January to June this year recorded a total of 13,009 suspected cases and 116 deaths, including 135 laboratory confirmed cases. These figures depict an emergency situation as they represent a fatality rate of 0.89%; below the 1% declared by the World Health Organisation (W.H.O) as an emergency.

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